1. Metal packaging
The production of tin sheet was invented in Bohemia in 1200 A.D. The canning process was developed by Frenchman Nicolas Appert and the idea was patented in 1810. The demand for canned food skyrocketed during World War I, as military commanders sought vast quantities of cheap, high-calorie food to feed their millions of soldiers. Metal packaging has always reinvented itself and has remained a convenience for practicality.
2. Cardboard packaging
Scotsman, Robert Gair invented pre-cut cardboard or paperboard box in 1890 as a result of an accident whilst printing paper bags. Applying this idea to corrugated boxboard was a straightforward development when the material became available around the turn of the twentieth century. The first corrugated cardboard box to be manufactured in the US was in 1895. By the early 1900s, wooden crates and boxes were being replaced by corrugated paper shipping cartons.
3. Plastic Packaging
From the invention of plastic in the late 1800s, to the introduction of Tupperware® in the 1940s and to the latest innovations in easy-dipping ketchup sachets, plastics have played an integral role in smart packaging solutions that help us do more with less. Although there are now discussions of eventually phasing out or modifying plastic out due to the effect it can have on the environment.
4. Glass Packaging
The first glass bottles were produced in south east Asia around 100 B.C, and in the Roman Empire around 1 A.D. The glass jar industry was born in the early 1600s, when settlers in Jamestown, USA built the first glass melting furnace. The invention of the automatic glass bottle blowing machine in 1880 industrialized the process of making bottles.
5. Polystyrene & Styrofoam Packaging
Polystyrene was discovered in 1839 by Eduard Simon, an apothecary from Berlin. By 1845, Jamaican-born chemist John Buddle Blyth and German chemist August Wilhelm von Hofmann showed that the same transformation of styrol took place in the absence of oxygen. They called the product "metastyrol”. About 80 years later following the thesis of it was realized that heating of styrol starts a chain reaction that produces macromolecules and this eventually led to the substance receiving its present name, polystyrene.